Radiology Department
یک رشته از تخصص‌های پزشکی است که از پرتو ایکس و دیگر اقسام امواج و پرتوها برای تشخیص و درمان بیماری و حالات غیرطبیعی کمک می‌گیرد. در تمام اینها، هدف تشخیص بیماری یا حالات غیرطبیعی بدن به کمک روش‌های پیشرفته تصویری است

What is General Radiology?

General radiology encompasses the meticulous examination of distinct anatomical segments by situating the patient in proximity to a fluoroscope-equipped apparatus. This technique facilitates a comprehensive assessment within a concise timeframe.

Radiological Apparatus

X-rays, also denoted as radiographs, are not inherently abundant. In the realm of medical utility, the generation of these rays necessitates the application of dedicated light-emitting instruments. Within the X-ray tube, which bears semblance to cathode-ray tubes, minute, tenacious metal components—predominantly composed of tungsten—undergo electron bombardment. These interactions within the cathode zone of the tube precipitate the emission of X-rays, a manifestation of energy stemming from electron movement. Emanating from a delicate wire situated within the negative pole of the tube, the electrons are subject to a vacuum milieu within the tube. They are further influenced by the electrodynamic differential produced by a generator, culminating in their collision with the tube's anode.
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What is Skeletal Dysplasia?

Skeletal dysplasia, synonymous with abbreviated stature or dwarfism, constitutes a genetic anomaly resulting in diminished height among individuals. This extensive medical terminology envelops a spectrum of conditions impacting the growth of bone and/or cartilage.

Once dubbed as dwarfism, individuals afflicted by this condition now favor the descriptor “short stature.” Skeletal dysplasia assumes diverse manifestations, exerting its effects on varied bodily segments including the dimensions of arms, legs, the trunk, and cranium. As a corollary, it can also be coined as disproportional short stature.

Myriad genetic aberrations underlie the emergence of skeletal dysplasia or diminished stature. Chief among these is achondroplasia, a congenital anomaly that disrupts bone development, precipitating truncated limbs. The mean adult stature for individuals with achondroplasia hovers around 4 feet (approximately 120 centimeters).

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Specialized Chromatic Radiology

Specialized chromatic radiology proffers a meritorious alternative to conventional radiological techniques. While conventional radiology is predicated upon X-ray imagery, specialized chromatic radiology leverages the introduction of contrast agents—via intravenous or oral administration—into the patient’s physiological matrix. Subsequently, the radiologist captures radiographic depictions of the designated locale. These contrast agents remain chromatically inert, thereby preserving a monochromatic imagery akin to standard radiology.

Notwithstanding, these agents aggregate within localized anatomical regions, effectively impeding the penetration of X-rays during the imaging process. By extension, this methodology yields heightened lucidity and contrast, thereby unmasking the contours of the patient’s focal anatomical region. To preempt image blur, patients are enjoined to maintain stability and immobility of the targeted anatomical fragment while briefly withholding respiration.

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