Genetics Department

Special genetic counselors at the Nasle Farda's Clinic provide genetic counseling to individuals at risk of genetic diseases for themselves or their close relatives or who have any reason to acquire genetic information about themselves and their families.

Pre-Marital Genetic Counseling

One of the most essential pre-marital counseling services is genetic counseling. This type of counseling is considered a significant branch of the science of genetics. Conducting this counseling can greatly control the likelihood of transmitting genetic diseases and disorders from parents to their children.

Throughout this counseling, the current status and genetic history of the parents and other family members are examined. Armed with information about the presence or absence of genetic disorders, the counselor proceeds to create a specialized genetic pedigree for the individual in question.

If the counselor encounters a suspicious case, the parents are encouraged to undergo specialized tests, and further investigation will be conducted. Consanguineous marriages increase the likelihood of genetic disorders and diseases in offspring. Therefore, it is recommended that individuals planning consanguineous marriages reduce the probability of potential harm by timely attendance at genetic counseling sessions and following the guidance received.

مشاوره ژنتیک قبل ازدواج​

Pre-Pregnancy Genetic Counseling

The period before pregnancy is called the golden period in genetic counseling. During this time, specialized counseling sessions encompass various diagnostic and therapeutic methods. Since prevention is better and easier than treatment, genetic counseling during this period prevents the transmission of various diseases and disorders to the infant, making decision-making easier for both the counselor and families.

A healthy pregnancy is the primary goal of pre-pregnancy genetic counseling, as the embryonic stage carries a higher risk of diseases such as various cancers, blood disorders, Down syndrome, muscular dystrophy, speech and hearing impairments, and visual impairments than any other stage. Therefore, it is advisable for all women during this period to consider pre-pregnancy genetic counseling as a necessity.

It’s worth noting that pregnancy at older ages carries more risks and hazards. Therefore, women over 35 should consider pre-pregnancy genetic counseling as essential and prioritize it before becoming pregnant.

مشاوره ژنتیک قبل بارداری​

Genetic Counseling During Pregnancy

Genetic counseling during pregnancy assists families in obtaining comprehensive information about the fetus’s and the mother’s health status. This counseling involves multiple specialized tests investigating the possibility of congenital anomalies, or any genetic disorders parents might be unaware of.

After completing specialized tests during this period, all results and reports are referred to a specialized physician. If the treating physician identifies any suspicious cases, they will make more detailed assessments regarding the continuation or termination of the pregnancy. Suppose the treating physician determines that the mother or fetus will likely face genetic issues. In that case, they will issue the necessary authorization for fetal termination, which can be legally performed in relevant medical facilities.

All pregnant women are advised to regularly visit genetic counseling centers during their pregnancy and thoroughly assess their and the fetus’s health status.

مشاوره ژنتیک حین بارداری​

Recurrent Miscarriage and Infertility Counseling

Recurrent miscarriage refers to experiencing the loss of pregnancy more than twice. Genetic counseling can help reduce the likelihood of this occurrence, so seeking advice from a genetic counselor should be done before marriage or before and during pregnancy.

Genetic factors contributing to recurrent miscarriage can be categorized into two groups:

Chromosomal Problems:

Major abnormalities and issues in chromosomes can lead to recurrent miscarriages. Therefore, pregnant women with a history of recurrent miscarriage should undergo karyotype testing, a type of genetic test to examine chromosomes, periodically under the supervision of their genetic counselor and treating physician.

Thrombophilic Gene Disorders:

Another factor contributing to recurrent miscarriages during pregnancy is disturbances in blood coagulation. Some genes control the clotting process in a pregnant individual’s body. If problems arise in these genes, the blood clotting process will be disrupted. Therefore, specialized genetic testing should be incorporated into the treatment plan by the treating physician.”

مشاوره سقط مکرر و ناباروری​

Egg and Embryo Donation Counseling

When a woman faces difficulties with her egg fertility and is medically termed infertile, she may receive eggs from another fertile woman to assist in her pregnancy process. This scientific process is known as fertility assistance or egg donation. In this procedure, the treating physician retrieves eggs from the egg donor, fertilizes them in a laboratory setting, and then transfers the resulting embryo to the recipient woman’s uterus.

It’s important to note that before initiating egg donation, the donor should be under the care of a physician and use medications that suppress natural menstruation.

In embryo donation individuals who lack sperm or eggs have the opportunity to benefit from embryo donation. Both the donor and recipient of the donated embryo must be in good health, and this process, as outlined by a specialized physician, will involve thorough examinations and specialized tests.

Genetic Counseling for Other Cases

Organ donation and various surgeries can be viable solutions in certain genetic conditions, such as different types of heart transplants (to address congenital heart defects), various bone marrow transplants (to address cell formation defects), various cleft lip and palate surgeries, as well as addressing problems like clubfoot, and more. Identifying these issues and determining whether to proceed with such interventions lies within the realm of genetic counselors and specialists in this field.

Another significant service genetic counselors provide is the prevention or risk reduction of cancer. Genetic counselors and specialized physicians can assess the likelihood of various types of cancer. If this concern arises, using specialized tests and innovative preventive methods, they can effectively minimize the risk of individuals developing cancer to a satisfactory extent.

The common types of cancer during pregnancy are as follows:

  • Breast Cancer
  • Cervical and Uterine Cancer
  • Ovarian Cancer
  • Thyroid Cancer
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